Meghri Amrots (Fortress)

Meghri Amrots (Fortress)

2023-05-17T11:43:15+00:00 17/05/2023|Syunik, Recent News, Publications, Monuments of Syunik|

Meghri Fortress was probably built during the years of formation and empowerment of the Syunik Kingdom (late X- XI cc.). For the first time, the fortress was mentioned by the historian St. Orbelian (XIII century) in his work “History of the Province of Sisakan”, according to which in 1083 the fortress was already built.

Later the fortress was not mentioned but it undoubtedly played an active role during the military operations in Arevik, a province in the south of Syunik, as a result of which it was subjected to many destructions and reconstructions so it is difficult to restore its original structure.

In 1103 after the capture of the Kapan Meghri Fortress, together with other fortresses, was preserved during the reign of King Grigor II of Syunik. In 1152 the Seljuk Turks captured Meghri Fortress.

At the beginning of the XVIII century military commander Davit Bek rebuilt the fortress to withstand the attacks of the Turkish troops.

Meghri Fortress differs in its construction. It had six separate towers without defensive walls. The towers were of two types: round (four towers) and rectangular (two towers).

Inside the walls, along the perimeter of the towers, several rows of wooden beams were used as earthquake-resistant zones. The walls of the standing towers become narrower externally while internally they are vertical.

Both the rectangular and the round towers had two floors (each floor is about two meters high). The entries of the towers are from the north. The advantage of such an orientation was that the fortress was protected from the north by natural barriers so the enemy could attack only from the opposite side.

In the XVIII century the towers were reconstructed and taking into consideration the use of firearms, embrasures with a radial arrangement were added. Nowadays five towers are preserved.